In 2004, nearly 7 million people were on probation, in jail or prison, or on parole at yearend 2004 -- 3.2% of all U.S. adult residents or 1 in every 31 adults.
State and Federal prison authorities had in custody 1,421,911 inmates at yearend 2004: 1,244,311 in State custody and 170,535 in Federal custody.
jails held 713,990 persons awaiting trial or serving a sentence at midyear 2004.
An additional 70,548 persons under jail supervision were serving their sentence
in the community.
After sharp increases in the 1980s and 1990s, the incarceration rate has recently grown at a slower pace.
Between 1995 and 2004, the incarcerated population grew an average 3.4% annually. Population growth during the 12-month period ending December 31, 2004 was lower in State prisons (up 1.8%) than in local jails (up 3.3%) and Federal prison (up 5.5%).
State Department of Corrections
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