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The Federal Bureau of Prisons was established in 1930 to provide more progressive and humane care for Federal inmates, to professionalize the prison service, and to ensure consistent and centralized administration of the 11 Federal prisons in operation at the time.

Today, the Bureau consists of more than 106 institutions, 6 regional offices, a Central Office (headquarters), 2 staff training centers, and 28 community corrections offices. The regional offices and Central Office provide administrative oversight and support to Bureau facilities and community corrections offices. Community corrections offices oversee community corrections centers and home confinement programs.

The Bureau is responsible for the custody and care of approximately 185,000 Federal offenders. Approximately 85 percent of these inmates are confined in Bureau-operated correctional facilities or detention centers. The remainder are confined through agreements with state and local governments or through contracts with privately-operated community corrections centers, detention centers, prisons, and juvenile facilities.

FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS INMATE LOCATOR   Federal Inmates Locator   The database includes all federal inmates from 1982 to present.

Inmate Population

Total population:187,940
Total sentenced population:168,592
Inmates in BOP facilities:159,751
Inmates in privately-managed secure facilities1:18,593
Inmates in other contract facilities2:9,596
1 Includes inmates housed in privately-managed secure facilities under contract with the BOP or with a state or local government that has an Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) with the BOP.
2 Includes inmates housed in community corrections centers, home confinement, jail/short-term detention, contract juveniles, and long-term boarders.


Inmate Breakdown

Inmates By Security Level
Minimum:18.6 %
Low:39.4 %
Medium:25.7 %
High:10.1 %
Unclassified1:6.0 %

Inmates By Gender
Male:175,419(93.3 %)
Female:12,521(6.7 %)

Inmates By Race
White:106,286(56.6 %)
Black:75,271(40.1 %)
Native American:3,263(1.7 %)
Asian:3,120(1.7 %)

Hispanic:59,943(31.9 %)

Inmate Age
Average Inmate Age:37

United States:134,660(71.7 %)
Mexico:31,986(17.0 %)
Colombia:3,500(1.9 %)
Cuba:1,749(0.9 %)
Dominican Republic:3,448(1.8 %)
Other/Unknown:12,597(6.7 %)
1These inmates have not yet been assigned a security level.


Sentence Imposed

Less than 1 year:3,745(2.2 %)
1-3 years:23,885(13.9 %)
3-5 years:27,369(16.0 %)
5-10 years:49,742(29.0 %)
10-15 years:30,970(18.1 %)
15-20 years:14,487(8.5 %)

More than 20 years:15,728(9.2 %)
Life:5,372(3.1 %)
* Data is only calculated for cases where sentencing information is available.

Types of Offenses

Drug Offenses:91,240(53.3 %)
Weapons, Explosives, Arson:22,967(13.4 %)
Immigration:19,141(11.2 %)
Robbery:10,008(5.9 %)
Burglary, Larceny, Property Offenses:6,830(4.0 %)
Extortion, Fraud, Bribery:7,063(4.1 %)
Homicide, Aggravated Assault, and Kidnapping Offenses:5,362(3.1 %)
Miscellaneous:4,285(2.5 %)
Sex Offenses:1,818(1.1 %)
Banking and Insurance, Counterfeit, Embezzlement:958(0.6 %)
Courts or Corrections:704(0.4 %)
Continuing Criminal Enterprise:596(0.3 %)
National Security:104(0.1 %)
* Data calculated for those with offense-specific information available.

Staff Breakdown


Staff By Race/Ethnicity
White (Non-Hispanic):22,115(64.3 %)
African American:7,216(21.0 %)
Hispanic:3,850(11.2 %)
Asian:709(2.1 %)
Native American:509(1.5 %)

Staff By Gender
Male:24,905(72.4 %)
Female:9,504(27.6 %)



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